A Study on the Difference between Female-Headed Poor Households and Male-Headed Poor Households in Factors Affecting the Likelihood of Escaping from Poverty: the Effect of Care-Giving Burden and Labor Market Participation

The purpose of this study was to empirically examine the difference, if any, between  female-headed poor households and male-headed poor households in terms of factors affecting the likelihood of being out of poverty. The authors, after reviewing previous studies, focused in particular on whether the effect of care-giving burden and labor market participation on the likelihood differ between the two types of poor households.
For this purpose, the authors analyzed the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study Data. Two different definitions were used to determine if a household is being out of poverty: 1) if a poor household's income reaches at or above 120% of the national poverty line, then the households is regarded as being out of poverty, and 2) if a household's income becomes 120% of the national poverty line or more, and the household maintains its income at or above that level for two years.
The results of life-table and Cox regression analyses showed that female- and male-headed poor households did not differ in factors affecting the likelihood of escaping from poverty when the dependent variable for the analyses was defined by using the first definition. When the second definition was used, however, it was found that care-giving burden had statistically significant and adverse impact only on female-headed households deterring them from being out of poverty and that labor market participation of the household's head helped only male-headed poor households exit from poverty. Based on these findings, some suggestions were made for further improvement of the nation's anti-poverty policies.

Full paper: YooTaeKyun EASP Paper.pdf