A Study of the Factors Affecting the Resilience of Battered Wives

The purpose of this study is to determine the manner in which battered wives' purpose in life influences resilience, based on the stress coping model. This purpose is meaningful in that it may help present battered wives with a new perspective of a changeable life, away from the negative perspectives so often associated with domestic violence victims. Furthermore, this study is targeted specifically toward improving individual quality of life, as well as the within-family drive to pursue self-fulfillment with resilience. The specific research question is that the higher the objective of life (meaning/value), the more they influence upon resilience (self-confidence/communication efficiency/optimistic orientation) of the abused wives.
This study surveyed 16 shelters with similar environmental conditions among the 20 shelters located in the Seoul and Kyunggi areas. 130 questionnaires were distributed since August 2009 and 120 (92.3%) were collected until the end of September, 2009. Among 120 collected questionnaires, 10 contained insufficient information for analysis. Therefore, our analyses were based on 110 questionnaires, using the SPSS 15.0 program for statistical analysis.
The results of this study can be summarized as follows. First, the meaning and value of life influence upon self-confidence among the purpose of life (meaning/value). Second, the results of our analysis on the effects on communication efficiency demonstrated that value, among the constituent factors in purpose of life, affects communication efficiency, and that these two factors are negatively related. Thus, personal values are negatively related with communication efficiency. Third, the results of our analysis of optimism showed that only the "value of life" variable had any effect on optimism. This underscores the importance of personal internal aspects. Based on these results, it is suggested that a kind of program for enhancing self-confidence in order to develop the purpose of life, communication efficiency, and optimistic orientation.